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Penn Line Model Trains

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History

Penn Line HO scale Pennsylvania RR 4-4-2 Atlantic E6 Loco & Tender #6092 The company was founded in 1947 by Albert M. Mercer, K. Linwood Stauffer and Robert Faust, hobbyists who believed that most of the model railroad equipment produced at that time lacked realism. Japan and Germany produced little due to the recently ended World War II, while the main United States train model brands at that time, Lionel Corp. and American Flyer, did not put as much authentic detail on their trains as their 'O' and 'S' gauges would have allowed.

Penn-Line was an American HO train manufacturer located in Boyertown, Pennsylvania. In the early years of the company new locomotives were added to the line at a rate of about one a year. They were sold mainly as build-it-yourself kits. The market for their products was clearly the serious model railroad enthusiast. Only one kit was simple enough for a youngster to assemble. That was the Whitcomb Midget Diesel Switcher. The other kits competed in quailty and precision with anything on the HO market at that time. The line of HO locomotives consisted of a Penn Line HO scale Pennsylvania RR 2-8-0 Consolidation H-9 Loco & Tender #7346 Pennsylvania RR E6 Atlantic, H-9 Consolidation, I-1 Decapod, K-4 Pacific, L-1 Mikado, GG1 Electric, a T-1 4-4-4-4, all Pennsylvania Railroad prototypes, and a Reading Streamlined 4-6-2 Crusader. The steam locomotive models utilized boilers and frames that were entirely made of metal, thus they are heavy. As a result, they are generally good pullers. Loco models were primarily sold in kit form, however, many assembled models have shown up in hobby stores from time to time, as shop owners built a few for display purposes. Penn Line locomotives used Pittman motors. The PRR E6 Atlantic sold for $29.50, the H-9 Consolidation was priced at $32.50, the PRR T-1 4-4-4-4 was $39.50 and featured a twin drive mechanism with all drivers powered, the L-1 Mikado was $34.50 and the K-4 Pacific was list priced at $34.50.

Penn Line HO scale Pennsylvania RR 4-6-2 Pacific K-4 Loco & Tender In the 1950's Penn Line issued many sets. These sets usually consisted of a pre-built loco, a half dozen or less cars, and enough snap track to make a simple loop. Set #5805 was headed by an E-6 Atlantic 4-4-2 loco and came with a combine and passenger coach. The cars were illuminated by Penn Line's 'Ever-Glow' lighting. This set sold for $44.50. Set #5806 was a freight set headed by the K-4 Pacific 4-6-2 Loco. It sold for $54.95. Set #5807 was also headed by the K-4, but was a passenger consist with a Combine and 2 coaches. It sold for $54.95. Set #5808 was a freight set headed by the I-1 Decapod 2-10-0. It was priced at $59.95.

Penn Line HO scale L-1 2-10-0 Decapod with long haul 12-wheel tender A notable HO train set produced by Penn-Line was the Pennsylvania streamline passenger set, pulled by a matching F-7 A&B diesel locomotive. Penn-line chose a tuscan red with a yellow single stripe to decorate this set. It used the old Hobbyline/Varney passenger cars. The Hobbyline cars were originally done in all silver with black lettering. In the early years passenger and freight cars were supplied to Penn Line for their sets by Fleischmann. The Northern Pacific 60' passenger cars were produced by Fleischmann for Penn Line in 1955 thru 1956. There were four die-cast cars, baggage, coach, diner and a Pullman. They came in two sets, #5503 (A unit, baggage, diner and coach) and #5506 (A&B units, baggage, coach, diner and Pullman). The Fleischmann cars were phased out by 1960 and that is when the switch to Varney/Hobbyline plastic passenger cars was made. Varney also made the C&O hopper and Sinclair tank car. Eventually Penn Line manufactured one of their own freight cars. The only freight rolling stock Penn Line produced itself were a series of metal flat cars, some with loads. The tooling for the streamline and heavyweight standard passenger cars was obtained from the John English Company (Hobbyline) when it ceased operations. They were first cataloged in 1957. Mantua provided Penn Line with box cars and gondolas. Tyco produced the box cars, Wilson Reefer and gondolas for Penn Line from 1957 to 1963. Penn Line also utilized some Athearn GP7 shells on their own power chassis to create their GP9's.

Penn Line 40' box cars in HO
Penn Line 40' box cars in HO

Penn Line's early contribution to model railroading was the use of printer's lead to cast the locomotives. This allowed very fine detail in the castings, much greater detail than could be achieved from stampings. And while the larger 'O' gauge and 'S' gauge had the potential for more detail, Penn Line's founders chose to use the smaller HO gauge. Their thinking was that the potential for realism coming from more elaborate layouts made HO the best compromise. This was at a time when HO gauge was far from the standard it is today. Penn Line produced about a half dozen different locomotives based on prototypes from the Pennsylvania Railroad, hence the choice of the company name Penn Line. A cast metal GG1 was a notable part of the Penn Line. Production started in 1956. The GG1 was not built to scale, it was made shorter in order to navigate around 18" radius curves. These electric locos are hard to find today and sell for very high prices at auctions when they do come up. When the NMRA (National Model Railroad Association) designed and released their choice of a new common type HO coupler for American HO products, Penn-Line changed to this type coupler.

Penn Line HO scale Baltimore & Ohio RR Baggage Car #1059 Penn Line HO scale Baltimore & Ohio RR Diner #1366 Penn Line HO scale Baltimore & Ohio RR Coach #1357 Penn Line HO scale Baltimore & Ohio RR Pullman #1390 Penn Line HO scale Baltimore & Ohio RR Observation Car #1371

Penn Line, like Varney, utilized a zinc alloy for their car frames, the entire flat car bodies, and sideframes on freight cars. There were impurities in the zinc alloy and as a consequence the truck side frames are often found crumbling or as dust.

Penn Line HO scale Southern Pacific RR GG-1 Electric Loco Penn Line also produced a small 0-4-0 Whitcomb D2 Mini-Diesel Switcher Locomotive that was very popular. In the early 1960s, Penn Line entered the emerging slot car market. They attempted to bring the same realism that they had used in model railroading to slot car racing. They produced a nicely detailed, but poorly powered Indianapolis-style set endorsed by A. J. Foyt. Problems with this product caused Penn Line to declare bankruptcy in the fall of 1963.

Sol Kramer, then owner of Varney/Life Like obtained the dies for all of the Penn Line rolling stock, diesels and the GG1 at the Penn Line bankruptcy auction in 1963. Lew English of Bowser Mfg. got the PRR steam engine dies. Most of the former Penn Line Pennsylvania Railroad die-cast steam locomotive kits were later produced by Bowser Manufacturing, and were still available in 2011, except for the Reading Crusader. The Crusader was made in limited quantities by Penn Line, as only a single manufacturing run was performed and this locomotive is very hard to find today. These locomotives have sold for as much as $2,000 and are coveted by collectors.

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