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Knapp Trains

History

Knapp NYC & HR RR Steeple Cab electric loco in 2 inch gauge Knapp Red electric traction power car with wooden floor, cast frame and cast iron wheels and tinplate sides The Knapp Electric and Novelty Company was founded in 1895 in New York, N.Y. by inventor David W. Knapp. The company made electic motors, toy electric automobiles, board games, magic kits, shocking coils, dynamos, fans and electric specialties. They were located at 47 Warren Street in Manhattan. As early as 1898 advertisements appeared announcing the combination of the Knapp C and D type motors with cell batteries made by the Gordon Burnham Co. to produce the 'Electrical Engineer' cooling fan. The ads stated that, "the fans were fitted with a pulley for running toys". In 1902 the company marketed a Kenco Trade Mark No. 1 Electric Toy Train kit which consisted of a trolley car and 9 feet of track that could be assembled into an oval. The trolley measured 8 inches long by 5 inches high. The motor was powered by a two watt source. The company later introduced a full line of 2" gauge 2 rail electric trains in 1904 making them one of the earliest producers of electric toy trains. Trolleys and trains in 2" gauge were manufactured between 1902 and 1913 only. 2" gauge (also called II gauge) is a model railway gauge originally 64 mm (2½ inches), later standardized in 1909 at 2 inches (50.8 mm), a 20% reduction and a change in definition: from mm to inches. The 2 gauge was introduced by Märklin at the Leipzig toy fair in 1891. 2 gauge was equivalent to a 1:22.5 scale. This gauge has since fallen into disuse, as Lionel's introduction of Standard gauge became very popular in the 1920's.

Knapp #221 Steeple Cab Electric train loco circa 1910 Knapp N.Y.C & H.R. 2 inch gauge freight set painted tin electric outline steeple cab engine and painted tin gondola Knapp cast iron steam freight train #257 engine with Pennsylvania tender

Knapp Pleasure Avenue Trolley painted tin electric trolley with wood and cast metal frame Knapp 2 Knapp six window Trail Trolley - 2-inch gauge. Tinplate sides with cast iron frame and wood floors Knapp Electric Traction Trolley - 2-inch gauge Knapp gauge II Trolley - painted tin electric powered trolley

Knapp Fast Freight caboose, #244 Fast Freight Merchandise box car, #233 Penn. R.R. gondola and #222 painted cast iron steam outline 0-4-0 locomotive with 8 wheel Pennsylvania tender in 2-inch gauge

Knapp NYC & HR RR gondola in 2 inch gaugeAround 1900 Knapp also produced a miniature electric powered toy automobile. The Knapp Electric and Novelty Company's patented small, 3 pole armature based 'Little Hustler' DC motors were acquired by the AC Gilbert Company and used in their famous Erector Sets. Three pole armature motors start easily without assistance when current is applied. Knapp is most noted for making the popular and long lived board game titled "The Knapp Electic Questioner". It was manufactured from the 1890's through the late 1940's. The Knapp Electric Questioner had various sets of quiz cards ranging from flags to animals to trivia. Upon completing the circuit by touching the two probes to the correct question and answer a buzzer would sound. The game also included a Morse code key with the code printed on the inside lid for your convenience. The game came with blank cards for creating your own quizzes and the company would actually pay you $5.00 for quizzes you submitted to them for use. Sets of 11 cards cost $.50 and included such topics as Conundrums, True-to-Life, and American History. At its height, the game sold over 150,000 units a year.

Knapp #222 painted cast iron 0-4-0 steam profile electric loco with 8 wheel Pennsylvania tender, #237 combine 
	car and two #238 Limited Express Pullman passenger coaches in 2-inch gauge
Knapp #217 steam profile 0-4-0 locomotive with nickel stack, bell & dome, PA 4 wheel tender, #237 Limited Express 	Baggage and two # 238 Limited Express coaches in 2-inch gauge

Knapp Cast Iron Double Wheel Dynamo Generator Circa 1908 The company relocated a few times, first to 126 White Street, then to 509-517 west 51st Street in Manhattan, then later moved to Port Chester New York. David W. Knapp brought in his son David A. Knapp to help run the business. Knapp was the only 2" gauge 2 rail electric train company that made locomotives that had cast iron bodies. Knapp also did not manufacture as wide a variety of electric trains that the other train makers (Voltamp, Howard, Carlisle & Finch) of that era made. All of their locomotives used the 0-4-0 wheel arrangement. Carlisle & Finch acted as a distributor and marketed toys made by Knapp Electric. Like Carlisle & Finch trains, the Knapp electrics utilized wet cell batteries for DC operation. They also manufactured a cast-iron double wheeled hand cranked electric dynamo generator to create current for operating the electric trolleys and trains.

Knapp Red 22" Train production ended in 1913, but Knapp later marketed cast brass, copper and aluminum HO scale trains from 1931-46. They offered both ready-to-run HO sets as well as kits. These sets were passenger sets headed by a 4-8-2 Mountain steam loco. Set #300 was the R-T-R set with the 4-8-2 loco, a tender numbered #400, a #600 heavyweight type baggage car and a #601 heavyweight type passenger coach. It included 16 pieces of curved 2-rail track to facilitate a 24" radius circle. Set #301 came with the same cars and loco, but in kit form. In both sets the track came completely built up. Knapp HO track was 9" long and had solid rails laid on a Bakelite roadbed. Although the sets were pictured in the catalog with 'Knapp Lines' livery, they came with decals for 10 different railroads for the loco and 9 different road names for the passenger cars. The DC motor supplied in the locomotive featured an Alnico permanent magnet. Set #300 was priced at $34.50 and set #301 sold for $27.50. The 4-8-2 loco and tender were offered for separate sale at $19.50 (catalog item #400) or in kit form for $15.00 (catalog item #401). Interestingly, all the wheels on the locomotive were flanged. Knapp also offered separate sale curved and straight track, lefthand and righthand switch kits, a reversing contol switch/speed rheostat, low-voltage lever action snap control switches, and Ohmite controls.

Knapp HO scale brass 4-8-2 Mountain Loco & Tender 1938-39 Knapp HO scale aluminum passenger car 1938-39

Knapp Electric Inc. moved from New York to Indianapolis, IN around 1937. The company was first located at 3029 E. Washington Street, and according to their 1939 catalog, at 739 East Market Street in Indianapolis. The Knapps, in association with P.R. Mallory, also manufactured a range of electric items other than magic sets and games while in Indianapolis including automobile fans, electric popcorn poppers, irons, coffee pots, small electric motors, toy motors, vaporizers, blenders, mixers and electric blankets. The HO train parts inventory and designs for the brass Knapp 4-8-2 Mountain loco kit were acquired by Bill Bowser for his Bowser Mfg. Company, of Redlands, CA. in 1946. Knapp closed permanently in the late 1940's.

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